Only Hydrogen is too light?

○Fig.1 shows plotted atomic weights according to atomic number from hydrogen of atomic number 1 to lawrencium of atomic number 103. (Refer to the atomic weights advised in 1979 by the Atomic Committee  of IUPAC (International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry). TIME of the United States reported that an element of atomic number 113had been found in 2012.


○It is natural that the line on the graph rises to the right since the electron number and weight increase according to atomic number. It is amazing, however, that the line is rising in a logarithmic form. Am I exaggerating when I say that a chemical element, the principle of the universe, is fluctuating in 1/f?


○In the periodic table, three marks show inversion phenomena. According to papers,  they are caused by organizing ratio of allotropic modifications―Understood!


○Although most atoms are clearly plotted on the logarithmic line, why only hydrogen, with atomic number 1, is not on the line?


○Talking of hydrogen, it is very familiar to us as we learned it at the very beginning of the chemistry class in junior high school. Also it is closely related to water and other organic materials in our real life. Why is hydrogen alone out of line? Is it because of some special characteristics included in hydrogen?


○Mr. Hydrogen!!  You are too light, aren’t you?  Tell me why you are not on 1/f line.



 <A letter from Mr. PAPAn III in Tsukuba>


Hello! I have read your essay. Please allow me to give my comments on it.

Your question may be dealt with by the fact that H consists of one proton and one electron only, and is a unique atom which has no neutron. The weight of a neutron is 1.675×10D-27 kg and is close to that of a hydrogen atom,  1.674×10D-27 kg. (In this connection, an electron weight is 9.1×10D-31 kg). 

As you know, H has some isotopes such as:

Hydrogen (Light hydrogen)=1H  { one atomic nucleus (one proton), one electron}

Deuterium=2H  { one atomic nucleus (one proton, one neutron), one electron}

Tritium=3H  {one atomic nucleus (one proton, two neutrons), one electron}



Now you see hydrogen is not so light. It’s on 1/f line.


 By the way, it is said that if you make an atom smaller, you’ll find an elementary particle. Then make the particle much smaller, you’ll get to strings (super string theory). It is the world of 10D-35. There are closed strings, open strings and strings of various lengths vibrating and making fluctuations (like a violin and a viola). Their natural vibrations are true identity of the fundamental particle (quark).

What a romantic world! You can imagine they are continuously holding spectacular concerts by  full orchestra  in the quark world.


< To Mr. PAPAn III in Tsukuba>


Thank you for your mail.

I would like to express my gratitude that you gave me a well-considered idea and make me realize that I had a narrow view of things.



For these years, I have been studying a process from sound shooting to reproducing through recording with “digital” and “fluctuation” put together. The former is convenient for physical thinking and the latter is related to sound sources, sense of hearing and sound fields. They are difficult to explain with physical quantities. As for the latter fluctuation area, I am bewildered standing at the entrance, considering how to study on this difficult subject. 


                                                  Heitaro Nakajima